2018 list of Plug-in hybrids, EVs, FCEVs

There were over 500,000 electrified vehicles on America’s roads in 2015. While that is a significant increase from the 70,000 in 2012, it is still less than projected. EV sales are increasing, up over 37% in 2016. This year there will be more PHEV and EV SUVs on the market, than ever before. History shows us that as the price of gasoline continues to increase, we will see an increase in EV and PHEV sales. If California Air Resources Board (CARB) has its way, all cars sold in California will be some type of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) by 2050.

The electric infrastructure network has 17,563 charging units across the Nation (only 33 hydrogen stations, all in California). As part of the agreement with Volkswagen paying penance for dieselgate, it has agreed to install 2,800 electric vehicle charging stations in seventeen U.S. cities by June 2019.

Combine the plethora of partial and Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) coming to market with the increased EV infrastructure, higher gasoline prices, CARB regulations, and the next decade could see a boom in sales of clean cars.

Here is a list of cars that might still qualify for Federal and/or State Tax Credits, along with some of the Mile Per Gallon equivalent (MPGe):

Audi A3 Sportback e-Tron PHEV – 83 MPGe
Audi E-Tron Quattro EV – est. 275-mile driving range
BMW 330e iPerformance PHEV – 71 MPGe
BMW 530e iPerformance PHEV – 72 MPGe
BMW 530e Xdrive iPerformance PHEV – 67 MPGe
BMW 740e Xdrive iPerformance PHEV – 64 MPGe
BMW i3 EV – 112-124 MPGe
BMW i3 Range Extender (REx) PHEV – 109-111 MPGe
BMW i8 PHEV – 76 MPGe
BMW X5 Xdrive 40e PHEV – 56 MPGe
Cadillac CT6 PHEV
Cadillac ELR PHEV – 85 MPGe

2014 Cadillac ELR’s color and trim designer, Erin Crossley

Cadillac ELR Sport PHEV – 80 MPGe

Chris Thomason, Cadillac ELR engineer, on Driving the Nation

Chevrolet Bolt EV – 119 MPGe

First drive Chevy Bolt 200 mile all electric vehicle at CES2016

Chevy Volt PHEV – 106 MPGe
Chrysler Pacifica PHEV- 84 MPGe

2017 Chrysler Pacifica plug-in hybrid PHEV

Fiat 500e EV
Ford C-Max Energi PHEV – 95 MPGe
Ford Focus Electric EV – 105 MPGe
Ford Fusion Energi PHEV – 97 MPGe
Honda Clarity PHEV – 119 MPGe
Hyundai Ioniq PHEV – 110 MPGe
Hyundai Sonata PHEV – 99 MPGe
Jaguar I-Pace EV

Formula E FIA Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy

Kia Niro EV
Kia Niro PHEV – 105 MPGe
Kia Optima PHEV – 103 MPGe
Kia Soul EV – 108 MPGe
Mercedes-Benz B250e EV – 84 MPGe
Mercedes-Benz C350e PHEV – 51 MPGe
Mercedes-Benz GLE 550e 4Matic PHEV – 43 MPGe
Mercedes-Benz S550e PHEV – 58 MPGe
Mini Cooper SE Countryman All-4 PHEV – 65 MPGe
Mitsubishi i-Miev EV- 112 MPGe
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV
Nissan Leaf EV – 112 MPGe
Porsche 919 Spyder
Porsche Cayenne S E-hybrid PHEV – 46 MPGe
Porsche Panamera S E-hybrid PHEV – 51 MPGe
Rimac Concept Two EV

Smart Electric Fortwo Cabrio EV – 102 MPGe
Smart Electric Fortwo Coupe EV – 108 MPGe
Tesla Model X EV – 237 mile-295 mile driving range
Tesla Model 3 EV – 220 mile-310 mile driving range
Tesla Model S EV – 210 mile-335 mile driving range

First Drive: electric and autonomous Tesla S by Bosch

Toyota Mirai FCEV

Toyota Prius Prime PHEV – 133 MPGe

2017 Toyota Prius Prime plug-in hybrid

Volkswagen eGolf EV – 119 MPGe

2015 Volkswagen’s first e-golf on Driving the Nation

Volvo S90 T8 PHEV – 71 MPGe

2017 Volvo S90 Scandanavian design and safety

Volvo XC60 T8 PHEV – 59 MPGe

2018 Volvo XC60 plus a Plug-In Hybrid

Volvo XC90 T8 PHEV – 62 MPGe

Volvo XC 90 wins Women’s World Car of the Year (WWCOTY)

Here are some future PHEV and EVs that debuted recently:

BMW i8 Roadster convertible
BMW i3S 0-60 in 6.8 seconds
Ford Fusion PHEV – more horsepower, more electric driving range, more mpg
Honda Insight hybrid – 5-seater with EPA fuel economy of more than 50 mpg
Hyundai Kona EV – an Estimated driving range of over 240 miles
Lexus UX 250h – technology that optimizes driver’s hybrid habits
Jaguar I-Pace – all-electric estimated 240 driving range – uses Rimac battery
Lincoln Aviator PHEV – charging unit in the nameplate
Nissan Leaf – 150-mile driving range
Volvo XC60 T8 PHEV – turbo and supercharger won the 2018 North American Utility of the Year

Toyota FCEV drayage trucks

According to the Port of Los Angeles, CA, there are 22,000 drayage trucks. On average, a Drayage Truck CO2 emission is 60 tons per year. If you can omit one drayage truck’s emissions, it is equal to twenty-two cars of emissions! If you change them all, it is like putting 440,000 zero-emission vehicles (ZEV) on the road.Toyota has one fuel cell drayage truck working, but expect more.

One Toyota hydrogen truck equals 22 cars

About the Author:

Lou Ann Hammond is the CEO of Carlist and Driving the Nation. She is the co-host of Real Wheels Washington Post carchat every Friday morning and is the Automotive, energy correspondent for The John Batchelor Show and a Contributor to Automotive Electronics magazine headquartered in Korea. Hammond is a member of the North American Car and Truck of the Year (NACTOY), Women's World Car of the Year (WWCOTY), and the Concept Car of the Year.

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